- Welfare of labour is a significant subject which finds its place in the concurrent list of Schedule-VII to the Constitution of India. Accordingly, the Union and State legislatures are competent to legislate in relation to welfare of labour in accordance with needs and circumstances prevailing in the country and states.
- Labour laws enacted by a State legislature has operation within the territory of the State. On the other hand the labour laws enacted by the Union legislature i.e Parliament have wide ramification with respect to their area of operation which extends to whole of the country.
- The Central and State Governments administer central labour laws, enacted by the Parliament, in their respective spheres. However, there is a category of central labour laws in respect of which State Governments are solely responsible to secure their compliance not only in state sphere but also in the central sphere. The Factories Act, 1948, the Employees Compensation Act, 1923, and the Building and Other Construction Workers Cess Act, 1996 are the central labour laws which fall under this category. Thus the State Governments have greater responsibility for administration of labour laws.
- The Government of Arunachal Pradesh set up the Labour Department in April, 1982. It is a specialized agency responsible for prevention and settlement of industrial disputes, enforcement of laws (except the Factories Act, 1948, presently being administered by the State Industries Department) and promotion of labour welfare in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The State Labour Department is doing the task of enforcement of labour laws as applicable to Arunachal Pradesh. Department has framed few rules under some act like Arunachal Pradesh Building & Other Construction Workers’ Welfare Rules 2006.